The reasons for positing a post-70 date include the view of the Temple implicit in -22.
Most would argue that the passage attempts to present Christ as the replacement of the Temple that has been destroyed." (p.
Some maintain that 'water and' in 3:5 and the discourse in -59 are insertions of a later hand by one interested in strengthening the explicit sacramental teachings of the gospel.
It has been recently argued that portions of chaps.
If the author of the Gospel of John were an eyewitness, presumably the author would have known that Jesus and his compatriots were permitted to enter the synagogues.
But at one several points it is stated that those who acknowledged Jesus as the Christ during the life of Jesus were put out of the synagogue.
There is a case to be made that John, the son of Zebedee, had already died long before the Gospel of John came to be written.
The rock and hard place version is the newest of these synonymous phrases, dating from the early 1900s, and alludes to being caught or crushed between two rocks.
The oldest is Scylla and Charybdis, which in Homer's Odyssey signified a monster on a rock (Scylla) and a fatal whirlpool (Charybdis), between which Odysseus had to sail through a narrow passage.
The matter is debated in contemporary scholarship, but Kysar says that the theory of Johannine independence commands a "slim majority" of contemporary critics. Moody Smith's John Among the Gospels is recommended. 140-160), a Valentinian Exposition to the Prologue of the Gospel of John quoted in Irenaeus' Adv. The last meal Jesus celebrates with his disciples before his passion is not a Passover meal at all.
The external evidence fixes the terminus ad quem for the Gospel of John. 180), and Tatian included the Gospel of John in his harmony (c. The Gospel of John is also mentioned in the Muratorian Canon (c. Thus one of the basic features of the institution scenes in the synoptics is missing.